Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your body cannot make enough insulin (a hormone that helps control the amount of glucose or sugar in your blood), or does not properly use the insulin it makes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by several different risk factors and accounts for 90% of diabetes cases in Canada.
People over the age of 40 with a parent or sibling with diabetes are at a higher risk of having type 2. Your ethnic background is also a factor.
Understanding type 2 diabetes
Symptoms, treatment, and complications from type 2 diabetes may vary from person to person. The following information will help you learn more about this disease and provide you with helpful tools, assessments and resources.
People can experience a wide range of symptoms before being diagnosed with type 2—however, some may have no symptoms at all.
Learn how type 2 diabetes can be managed with healthy foods, medication, regular exercise and losing weight (if overweight or obese).
If left untreated or improperly managed, diabetes can lead to a variety of life-threatening complications.
We need a strategy now
Although people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have different journeys, including whether or not they experience symptoms, there is one issue that unites all people living with the disease. Canada has no strategy to address one of the most significant health-care crisis of our time.
With no dedicated support or action to tackle the diabetes epidemic, it means that, every 24 hours:
- more than 20 Canadians die of diabetes-related complications
- 480 more Canadians are diagnosed with this devastating disease
- 14 Canadians have a lower limb amputation
- our health care system spends $75 million treating diabetes
Diabetes risk factors
Learn about the risk factors that can increase your risk of having prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.Risk factors About Diabetes risk factors
Nutrition & fitness
Take charge of your health today—learn how to exercise and eat well with diabetes.Nutrition & fitness About Nutrition & fitness
What is prediabetes?
If left unmanaged, prediabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes. Get the facts here.About prediabetes About What is prediabetes?