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Lifestyle management

People with diabetes can expect to live active, independent and vital lives if they make a lifelong commitment to careful diabetes management.

Key elements in lifestyle management

  • Education: Diabetes education is an important first step. All people with diabetes need to be informed about their condition.
  • Physical activity: Regular physical activity helps your body lower blood glucose (sugar) levels, promotes weight loss, reduces stress and enhances overall fitness.
  • Nutrition: What, when and how much you eat all play an important role in regulating blood sugar levels.
  • Weight management: Maintaining a healthy weight is especially important in the management of type 2 diabetes.
  • Medication: Type 1 diabetes is always treated with insulin. Type 2 diabetes is managed through physical activity and meal planning and may require medications and/or insulin to assist your body in controlling blood sugar more effectively.
  • Stress management: Learning to reduce stress levels in day-to-day life can help people with diabetes better manage their condition.
  • Blood pressure: High blood pressure can lead to eye disease, heart disease, stroke and kidney disease, so people with diabetes should try to maintain a blood pressure level below 130/80. To do this, you may need to change your eating and physical activity habits and/or take medication(s).

Additional resources

With 1 in 3 Canadians affected by diabetes. it’s more important than ever to make holistic wellness a priority. That means taking a mind, body and spirit approach. When it comes to your emotional or mental health, there are things you can do and supports you can seek out. Visit Taking care of your mental health for ideas, tips and suggestions.

Techniques for self-care

Helpful suggestions on how to practice self-care with diabetes.

Contact us for support

For more information, support and to help you find diabetes services in your area.

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