Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “prediabetes” – blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

The good news is that people with prediabetes can delay or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes by making changes in their diet and by increasing their level of physical activity. It is currently estimated that six million Canadians have prediabetes.

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are serious conditions and can lead to the same complications. People with diabetes can, however, do many things to stay healthy. Important first steps in basic diabetes care include eating according to a healthy meal plan and including physical activity (both aerobic and resistance training) in your daily schedule. Regular exercise also has special advantages if you have type 2 diabetes. Regular physical activity improves your body’s sensitivity to insulin and helps manage your blood glucose (sugar) levels.