Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose (sugar) into energy needed for daily life. It helps to control the levels of glucose (sugar) in your bloodstream.
People whose family members have diabetes are more likely to develop diabetes themselves. This is true for both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Researchers are looking at the genes of people with diabetes to try to figure out which genes are involved in the development of diabetes, and how these genes act in the body normally and during diabetes. Researchers are also investigating gene therapies to determine if they can replace genes that don’t work properly in diabetes in hopes of finding ways to cure or control diabetes using gene therapy.