Health professionals should inform their patients with diabetes of the unique risks incurred by smoking or by exposure to smoke, emphasize the benefits of quitting, and review available treatment options.
Smoking cessation products should be covered on provincial formularies for high-risk patients such as those with diabetes.
Governments should enact legislation to protect citizens from exposure to tobacco smoke in public places, and support programs in schools that have proven to be effective in convincing young people not to start smoking.
Background and rationale
People with diabetes face unique risks from exposure to tobacco smoke. However, nearly one third of people with diabetes smoke, despite studies showing that smoking greatly increases the risk of developing diabetes-related complications. Smokers who have diabetes need the full support of their health professionals and governments to quit smoking.
No matter how long an individual has smoked, health improvements will occur after quitting.