Improving the health of every Canadian 2016-2020

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Our goals

By 2020, we will:

  • Remove 10,000,000 kilograms of sugar from Canadians’ diets
  • Achieve 1,000,000 more recommended diabetes test targets
  • Prevent 500,000 cases of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
  • Create 100,000 personal connections among youth with type 1 diabetes

Why these goals are important

  • Every three minutes, another Canadian is diagnosed with diabetes, joining the 11 million with diabetes or prediabetes in 2016
  • Today, hundreds of Canadians will be rushed to hospital emergency rooms for diabetes-related heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, vision loss or wounds needing an amputation
  • By 2020, the CDA, working with the diabetes community, will achieve our goals, contributing to healthier lives for people with, or at risk of diabetes as well as all Canadians

Goal 1: Remove 10,000,000 kilograms of sugar from Canadians’ diets

Why?

  • Excessive sugar consumption is linked to weight gain. Being overweight or obese are risk factors for type 2 diabetes
  • Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, regardless of weight – just one serving per day pushes that risk up

How we will achieve it

  • We will work with everyone concerned about diabetes and our health to push governments to
    • introduce a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
    • introduce more transparent food labelling
    • restrict marketing of food and beverages to children
  • Expand our Food Skills for Families program that offers hands-onlessons on healthy eating
  • Lead public awareness campaigns

Goal 2: Achieve 1,000,000 more recommended diabetes test targets

Why?

  • People with diabetes need regular assessments of their blood pressure, cholesterol, average levels of blood sugar, kidney function, eyes, and feet to avoid and delay complications
  • Fewer than half of those with diabetes receive all four main tests as frequently as they should

How we will achieve it

  • The CDA’s Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada (CDA Guidelines) are a global standard for diabetes care. The CDA will expand their use by creating more tools for health-care professionals to help them provide the best care possible
  • We will create more resources for people living with diabetes and prediabetes based on the CDA Guidelines to raise public awareness about the recommended tests

Goal 3: Prevent 500,000 cases of type 2 diabetes or prediabetes

Why?

  • Some risk factors are outside our control, such as age and ethnicity
  • We have some control over other risk factors, such as the food we eat and being physically active
  • Living in a place where healthy food is expensive or unavailable, or having insufficient money to buy it, are risk factors as well

How we will achieve it

  • Our annual fall Diabetes Awareness Campaign leads hundreds of thousands to take the CANRISK test to find out their risk for type 2 diabetes, a first step to taking action
  • We will push governments to introduce healthy public policies such as
    • a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
    • more transparent food labelling
    • restrictions on marketing of food and beverages to children

Goal 4: Create 100,000 personal connections among youth with type 1 diabetes

Why?

  • Most people with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed between 10 and 14 years old. For the rest of their lives, they follow a daily regimen of administering insulin, carbohydrate counting, blood sugar testing, exercise and health monitoring
  • Young people often feel isolated as they are usually the only one in their community or school with type 1 diabetes

How we will achieve it

  • CDA D-Camps, outdoor camps across Canada for children and youth with type 1 diabetes, are a meeting place that inspires campers to manage their diabetes well
  • The CDA will
    • expand camps and related activities
    • link young adults with type 1 diabetes with their new healthcare professionals as they transition from pediatric care

Types of diabetes

Type 1

  • Pancreas unable to produce insulin
  • Cause unknown, can’t be prevented
  • 5 – 10% of cases

Type 2

  • Pancreas can’t produce insulin or body can’t use it
  • Usually develops in adulthood
  • About 90% of cases

Gestational

  • Temporary during pregnancy
  • Increases risk of type 2 diabetes later
  • Type 2 diabetes risk factors

Type 2 diabetes risk factors

  • Factors you can’t change
    • > 40 years of age
    • Family history
    • Aboriginal, Chinese, South Asian, Hispanic or African descent
  • Environmental factors
    • Lack of access to healthy food
    • Neighbourhoods not designed for walking
  • Lifestyle factors
    • Poor diet
    • Lack of physical activity
    • Smoking